Our project is aiming to solve the food problems in space by using the process of additive manufacturing widely known today as 3D printing. It is not completely new concept, as it has been a testing subject for quite some time now. Food printing is not SiFi anymore. It is real and it’s here to stay. But, we strongly believe that our solution is better than any other offered in the moment. And that’s mainly due to the fact that the 3D printers that are now tested for food printing are based on the 3D printers that uses descartes coordinate system. Our design is based on the design of the Polar 3D printers that are using the polar coordinate system. It is believed and can be proved that this kind of printers will do better in microgravity environment, especially for printing food in micro-g. Our design is an extended version of a polar 3D printer, that uses several extruders (cartridges) instead of one, and the base that the food is printed on is the one that moves from head to head. These cartridges are specially designed to be meal-size and contain dehydrated powder food coated with gelatin or oil to prevent crumbling! The cartridge itself is made from a flexible material to aid in trash compression! The benefits of using additive manufacturing in the food creation are huge, starting from customized (balanced) nutrition according to the astronauts needs, less waste, variety of tastes, textures and forms to sustainable foods with using “alternative ingredients” like: algae, grass, lupine seeds, beet leaves, insects for sugars, complex carbohydrates, protein or some other basic building block extracts. These alternative sources for food ingredients are one of the concerns for near future for the humanity as it is believed that toward the end of the century the population is expected to be around 12 billion. 3D printing technology could eliminate food waste and ensure that all 12 billion people are fed with balanced nutrition from environmentally-sustainable food sources. One other advantage of using this technology is the way that recipes are created and exchanged as a piece of software instead of just a to do list, which automates the process of combining, measuring and mixing different ingredients with high precision.

This project is solving the Print Your Own Space Food challenge.


We are designing a concept for 3D printing food in space from alternative food sources. The purpose of this project is to solve the food problems at ISS and to bring new ideas and solutions for future manned space missions and explorations, also address the food shortage that eventually we’ll be facing in near future on earth. The main concept is designing a polar 3D printer which is cheaper, more efficient, has less parts and it can function well in space and also on earth. The printer will have extruders (cartridges) that are made from plastic materials recently discovered at MIT which have properties to be resistant to any dirt or leftovers from the cartridge insights. These new cartridges can be managed with the space squisher and also should replace the printers head. The materials from which the printer should produce food are natural and organic fruits, vegetables, eggs, meat, supplements, etc. The printer will include a small hot-air oven for making bread and cooking the designed food which will be bite-sized and the astronaut or any people will have the opportunity to print as much food as they need with the exact amount of protein, minerals and vitamins and this is the way that we are facing the food recycling challenge. Also the oven can regulate the foods structure in a way that we can make the food to be crispy, soft and any regulation within the structure of the food. We simply don’t want to let people make food leftovers, especially not in ISS or any place which is complicated for maintenance. This technology can also reduce the amount of food and can improve the efficiency and effectiveness of bringing food at far distances like ISS, Mars or anywhere on Earth. We will achieve this by storing dehydrated powder food coated with gelatin or oil in the cartridges. Every cartridge will have enough amount of powder for 1 meal and the cartridges

Project Information

License: GNU General Public License version 3.0 (GPL-3.0)

Source Code/Project URL:


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  • Stefan Taushanov
  • Luka Verigikj
  • Zlatko Georgievski
  • Jane Dimeski
  • Ilinka Stavrova
  • Aleksandar Dimeski